Compatibility

This project does not need a dedicated image. It can use any OCI images from docker-hub, quay.io, or any registry of your choice.

Many cloud images are stripped down on purpose to save size and may not include commands such as which, mount, less or vi). Additional packages can be installed once inside the container. We recommend using your preferred automation tool inside the container if you find yourself having to repeatedly create new containers. Maintaining your own custom image is also an option.

The main concern is having basic Linux utilities (mount), basic user management utilities (usermod, passwd), and sudo correctly set.

Supported container managers

distrobox can run on either podman, docker or lilipod

It depends either on podman configured in rootless mode or on docker configured without sudo (follow THESE instructions)

Follow the official installation guide here:

Host Distros

Distrobox has been successfully tested on:

Distro Version Notes
Alpine Linux   To setup rootless podman, look HERE
Arch Linux   distrobox and distrobox-git are available in AUR (thanks M0Rf30!).
To setup rootless podman, look HERE
Bazzite 38 distrobox-git is preinstalled.
CentOS 8
8 Stream
9 Stream
distrobox is available in epel repos. (thanks alcir!)
ChromeOS Debian 11 (docker with make-shared workaround #non-shared-mounts)
Debian 12 (podman)
using built-in Linux on ChromeOS mode which is debian-based, which can be upgraded from 11 bullseye to 12 bookworm (in fact 12 is recommended)
Debian 11
12
Testing
Unstable
distrobox is available in default repos starting from version 12 (thanks michel-slm!!)
deepin 23
Testing
Unstable
distrobox is available in default repos in testing and unstable
EndlessOS 4.0.0  
Fedora Silverblue/Kinoite 35
36
37
Rawhide
distrobox is available in default repos.(thanks alcir!)
Fedora 35
36
37
38
Rawhide
distrobox is available in default repos.(thanks alcir!)
Gentoo   To setup rootless podman, look HERE
KDE neon   distrobox is available in default repo
Manjaro   To setup rootless podman, look HERE
NixOS 21.11 Make sure to mind your executable paths. Sometimes a container will not have nix paths, and sometimes it will not have its own paths.
Distrobox is available in Nixpkg collection (thanks AtilaSaraiva!)<
To setup Docker, look HERE
To setup Podman, look HERE and HERE
openSUSE Leap 15.4
Leap 15.3
Leap 15.2
Packages are available here (thanks dfaggioli!).
To install on openSUSE Leap 15, Use the following repository links in the zypper addrepo command: 15.4, 15.3, 15.2. Then:
zypper refresh && zypper install distrobox.
Podman under SUSE Leap, cannot initialize correctly the containers managed by distrobox until this openSUSE bug is fixed, or podman logging is configured properly.
openSUSE Tumbleweed
MicroOS
distrobox is available in default repos (thanks dfaggioli!)
For Tumbleweed, do: zypper install distrobox.
For MicroOS, distrobox is installed by default.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 Service Pack 4
15 Service Pack 3
15 Service Pack 2
Same procedure as the one for openSUSE (Leap, respective versions, of course). Use the following repository links in the zypper addrepo command: SLE-15-SP4, SLE-15-SP3, SLE-15-SP4. Then:
zypper refresh && zypper install distrobox.
Podman under SUSE Leap, cannot initialize correctly the containers managed by distrobox until this openSUSE bug is fixed, or podman logging is configured properly.
SteamOS   You can follow the Install Podman in a static manner or Install Lilipod in a static manner guide, this will install it in your $HOME and it will survive updates.
RedHat 8
9
distrobox is available in epel repos. (thanks alcir!)
Ubuntu 18.04
20.04
22.04
22.10
23.04
Older versions based on 20.04 or earlier may need external repos to install newer Podman and Docker releases.
Derivatives like Pop_OS!, Mint and Elementary OS should work the same.
Now PPA available!, also distrobox is available in default repos from 22.10 onward (thanks michel-slm!)
Vanilla OS 22.10
Orchid
distrobox should be installed in the home directory using the official script
Void Linux glibc  
Windows Oracle Linux 9 using built-in Windows Subsystem for Linux

Compatibility notes

Non shared mounts

Note also that in some distributions, root filesystem is not mounted as a shared mount, this will give an error like:

$ distrobox-enter
Error response from daemon: path /sys is mounted on /sys but it is not a shared or slave mount
Error: failed to start containers: ...

To resolve this, use this command:

mount --make-rshared /

To make it permanent, you can place it in /etc/rc.local.

List of distributions including distrobox in their repositories

Packaging status

New Host Distro support

If your distro of choice is not on the list, open an issue requesting support for it, we can work together to check if it is possible to add support for it.

Or just try using it anyway, if it works, open an issue and it will be added to the list!


Containers Distros

Distrobox guests tested successfully with the following container images:

Distro Version Images
AlmaLinux (Toolbox) 8
9
quay.io/toolbx-images/almalinux-toolbox:8
quay.io/toolbx-images/almalinux-toolbox:9
quay.io/toolbx-images/almalinux-toolbox:latest
Alpine (Toolbox) 3.16
3.17
3.18
edge
quay.io/toolbx-images/alpine-toolbox:3.16
quay.io/toolbx-images/alpine-toolbox:3.17
quay.io/toolbx-images/alpine-toolbox:3.18
quay.io/toolbx-images/alpine-toolbox:edge
quay.io/toolbx-images/alpine-toolbox:latest
AmazonLinux (Toolbox) 2
2022
quay.io/toolbx-images/amazonlinux-toolbox:2
quay.io/toolbx-images/amazonlinux-toolbox:2023
quay.io/toolbx-images/amazonlinux-toolbox:latest
Archlinux (Toolbox)   quay.io/toolbx-images/archlinux-toolbox:latest
Bazzite Arch   ghcr.io/ublue-os/bazzite-arch:latest
ghcr.io/ublue-os/bazzite-arch-gnome:latest
Centos (Toolbox) stream8
stream9
quay.io/toolbx-images/centos-toolbox:stream8
quay.io/toolbx-images/centos-toolbox:stream9
quay.io/toolbx-images/centos-toolbox:latest
Debian (Toolbox) 10
11
12
testing
unstable
quay.io/toolbx-images/debian-toolbox:10
quay.io/toolbx-images/debian-toolbox:11
quay.io/toolbx-images/debian-toolbox:12
quay.io/toolbx-images/debian-toolbox:testing
quay.io/toolbx-images/debian-toolbox:unstable
quay.io/toolbx-images/debian-toolbox:latest
Fedora (Toolbox) 36
37
38
39
Rawhide
registry.fedoraproject.org/fedora-toolbox:37
registry.fedoraproject.org/fedora-toolbox:38
registry.fedoraproject.org/fedora-toolbox:39
registry.fedoraproject.org/fedora-toolbox:latest
openSUSE (Toolbox)   registry.opensuse.org/opensuse/distrobox:latest
quay.io/toolbx-images/opensuse-toolbox:tumbleweed
quay.io/toolbx-images/opensuse-toolbox:latest
RedHat (Toolbox) 8
9
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi8/toolbox
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi9/toolbox
quay.io/toolbx-images/rhel-toolbox:latest
Rocky Linux (Toolbox) 8
9
quay.io/toolbx-images/rockylinux-toolbox:8
quay.io/toolbx-images/rockylinux-toolbox:9
quay.io/toolbx-images/rockylinux-toolbox:latest
Ubuntu (Toolbox) 16.04
18.04
20.04
22.04
quay.io/toolbx-images/ubuntu-toolbox:16.04
quay.io/toolbx-images/ubuntu-toolbox:18.04
quay.io/toolbx-images/ubuntu-toolbox:20.04
quay.io/toolbx-images/ubuntu-toolbox:22.04
quay.io/toolbx-images/ubuntu-toolbox:latest
     
AlmaLinux (UBI) 8 quay.io/almalinux/8-base:8
quay.io/almalinux/8-init:8
AlmaLinux 8
8-minimal
9
9-minimal
quay.io/almalinux/almalinux:8
quay.io/almalinux/almalinux:9
quay.io/almalinux/almalinux:9-minimal
Alpine Linux 3.15
3.16
docker.io/library/alpine:3.15
docker.io/library/alpine:3.16
docker.io/library/alpine:latest
AmazonLinux 1
2
2023
public.ecr.aws/amazonlinux/amazonlinux:1
public.ecr.aws/amazonlinux/amazonlinux:2
public.ecr.aws/amazonlinux/amazonlinux:2023
Archlinux   docker.io/library/archlinux:latest
CentOS Stream 8
9
quay.io/centos/centos:stream8
quay.io/centos/centos:stream9
CentOS 7 quay.io/centos/centos:7
Chainguard Wolfi Small note: sudo is missing, use su-exec instead. cgr.dev/chainguard/wolfi-base:latest
ClearLinux   docker.io/library/clearlinux:latest
docker.io/library/clearlinux:base
Crystal Linux   registry.getcryst.al/crystal/misc/docker:latest
Debian 7
8
9
10
11
12
docker.io/debian/eol:wheezy
docker.io/library/debian:buster-backports
docker.io/library/debian:bullseye-backports
docker.io/library/debian:bookworm-backports
docker.io/library/debian:stable-backports
Debian Testing docker.io/library/debian:testing
docker.io/library/debian:testing-backports
Debian Unstable docker.io/library/debian:unstable
deepin 20 (apricot)
23 (beige)
docker.io/linuxdeepin/apricot
docker.io/linuxdeepin/beige
Fedora 36
37
38
39
Rawhide
quay.io/fedora/fedora:36
registry.fedoraproject.org/fedora:37
quay.io/fedora/fedora:38
quay.io/fedora/fedora:39
Gentoo Linux rolling docker.io/gentoo/stage3:latest
KDE neon Latest
Testing
Unstable
invent-registry.kde.org/neon/docker-images/plasma:latest
invent-registry.kde.org/neon/docker-images/plasma:testing
invent-registry.kde.org/neon/docker-images/plasma:unstable
Kali Linux rolling docker.io/kalilinux/kali-rolling:latest
Mint 21.1 docker.io/linuxmintd/mint21.1-amd64
Neurodebian nd100 docker.io/library/neurodebian:nd100
openSUSE Leap registry.opensuse.org/opensuse/leap:latest
openSUSE Tumbleweed registry.opensuse.org/opensuse/distrobox:latest
registry.opensuse.org/opensuse/tumbleweed:latest
registry.opensuse.org/opensuse/toolbox:latest
Oracle Linux 7
7-slim
8
8-slim
9
9-slim
container-registry.oracle.com/os/oraclelinux:7
container-registry.oracle.com/os/oraclelinux:7-slim
container-registry.oracle.com/os/oraclelinux:8
container-registry.oracle.com/os/oraclelinux:8-slim
container-registry.oracle.com/os/oraclelinux:9
container-registry.oracle.com/os/oraclelinux:9-slim
RedHat (UBI) 7
8
9
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi7/ubi
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi7/ubi-init
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi8/ubi
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi8/ubi-init
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi8/ubi-minimal
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi9/ubi
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi9/ubi-init
registry.access.redhat.com/ubi9/ubi-minimal
Rocky Linux 8
8-minimal
9
quay.io/rockylinux/rockylinux:8
quay.io/rockylinux/rockylinux:8-minimal
quay.io/rockylinux/rockylinux:9
quay.io/rockylinux/rockylinux:latest
Scientific Linux 7 docker.io/library/sl:7
Slackware 14.2 docker.io/vbatts/slackware:14.2
Ubuntu 14.04
16.04
18.04
20.04
22.04
23.04
docker.io/library/ubuntu:14.04
docker.io/library/ubuntu:16.04
docker.io/library/ubuntu:18.04
docker.io/library/ubuntu:20.04
docker.io/library/ubuntu:22.04
Vanilla OS VSO ghcr.io/vanilla-os/vso:main
Void Linux   ghcr.io/void-linux/void-glibc-full:latest

Images marked with Toolbox are tailored images made by the community efforts in toolbx-images/images, so they are more indicated for desktop use, and first setup will take less time. Note however that if you use a non-toolbox preconfigured image, the first distrobox-enter you’ll perform can take a while as it will download and install the missing dependencies.

A small time tax to pay for the ability to use any type of image. This will not occur after the first time, subsequent enters will be much faster.

NixOS is not a supported container distro, and there are currently no plans to bring support to it. If you are looking for unprivileged NixOS environments, we suggest you look into nix-shell or nix portable

New Distro support

If your distro of choice is not on the list, open an issue requesting support for it, we can work together to check if it is possible to add support for it.

Or just try using it anyway, if it works, open an issue and it will be added to the list!

Older distributions

For older distributions like CentOS 5, CentOS 6, Debian 6, Ubuntu 12.04, compatibility is not assured.

Their libc version is incompatible with kernel releases after >=4.11. A work around this is to use the vsyscall=emulate flag in the bootloader of the host.

Keep also in mind that mirrors could be down for such old releases, so you will need to build a custom distrobox image to ensure basic dependencies are met.

GPU Acceleration support

For Intel and AMD Gpus, the support is baked in, as the containers will install their latest available mesa/dri drivers.

For NVidia, you can use the --nvidia flag during create, see distrobox-create documentation to discover how to use it.

Alternatively, you can use the nvidia-container-toolkit utility to set up the integration independently from the distrobox’s own flag.